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Chocolate milk and mahjong: Childhood in Chinatown

The Yee family: Back row, father Yee Toy, his wife Gee Shee Ho holding son Donald, and Yuen. In front are Robert, Ruth, Harriet and Anna. (Photo submitted by Jon Yee)

On a warm October day in 1931, a child wailed to life in a small walk-up apartment at 529 Second Ave. Pittsburgh’s Chinatown had gained another resident.

This was a second child for Gee Shee Ho and her husband, Yee Toy. Seven years earlier, when Gee Shee Ho was pregnant for the first time, Yee left the couple’s home in a small village in southern China, journeyed across an ocean and settled in Pittsburgh. He did not lay eyes on his wife and son until he had saved enough money for their passage, in 1930.

Yuen Yee
Yuen Yee, oldest of the Yee children, met his father for the first time after immigrating to the United States in 1930. Yuen was six years old.

Gee Shee Ho, who spoke no English and knew nothing about American names, gave her first American-born baby a Chinese name — Lai. But in Pittsburgh the girl would need an English name. The assisting doctor offered a suggestion, and so the baby girl became Anna.

Anna grew up among the storefront shops, restaurants and boarding houses crowded along Second and Third avenues between Grant and Ross streets. This was the city’s Chinatown. At one time it was home to 500 people and more than 20 businesses. But the Boulevard of the Allies, completed in 1921, served as a concrete spear through the neighborhood’s heart. The Great Depression hurt, too. Several immigrant families left for other cities.

Still, Chinatown remained a lively place. Lonely men whose wives and families remained in China gathered in dimly lighted boarding houses and played mahjong, the tiles clicking as the men chatted in Cantonese. Merchants sold silks and satins, fresh ginger, duck eggs, herbal medicines and teas.

Yee sisters
Sisters Anna and Ruth Yee and a friend played wooden flutes in a picture published in The Pittsburgh Press in 1941. From left are Lydia Lee, Anna Yee and Ruth Yee.

Anna and her friends played tag and baseball in a vacant spot of land called “Eppy’s Lot” on Grant Street — until it became another place to park automobiles. The kids drew hopscotch squares on the sidewalk and jumped rope. Sweet smells from a bakery down the street filled the neighborhood.

The children’s father operated a laundry at 1722 Fifth Ave. — the Yee kids (there were now six) helped with wrapping and sorting. Then he sold the laundry and opened a restaurant on Sixth Avenue.

Each day Anna walked several blocks into Uptown to attend Forbes Elementary School. In kindergarten, Anna, who spoke Cantonese at home, couldn’t understand her teacher’s instructions. She became confused and cried; the teacher calmed her down with chocolate milk and saltine crackers and summoned first-grader Edwin Lee, a Chinatown neighbor, to serve as translator.

Yee Toy figured his children needed a bicycle, so for $5 he bought used one for all the Yee children to share. The kids later saved money and bought a cheap AM radio, but for a long time Yee Toy wouldn’t let them listen to it.

Wedding day
Anna Yee and Jack Ung on the day of their wedding.

Gee Shee Ho eventually learned enough English to navigate the city’s streetcar system and do some shopping, but she never mastered the language. The children attended English lessons and Sunday School classes at the Providence Mission on Second Avenue.

In 1952, Anna married Jack Ung, a young lieutenant with the U.S. Signal Corps. The couple raised four children in Pittsburgh, but not in Chinatown. The neighborhood’s residents drifted away.

Today a restaurant called Hong Kong Express 2 sells spring rolls, teriyaki chicken and other Chinese dishes on the first floor of the building Anna once called home. The Chinatown Inn restaurant, with its pagoda roof, remains on Third Avenue, where it has been since the 1940s.

Most of the block, however, has been converted to office space. Attorneys wearing suits hustle past places where, decades ago, lonely Chinese men concentrated on mahjong tiles, glancing up on occasion to check on a young girl drawing hopscotch squares on the sidewalk.

— Steve Mellon

Yee sisters in 2017
Sisters Anna Yee Ung and Ruth Yee in 2017. (Steve Mellon/Post-Gazette)

Steve, a writer and photographer at the Post-Gazette, has lived and worked in Pittsburgh so long that some of his images appear on "The Digs."


  1. historylover

    Beautiful story! Thanks…

  2. Kenneth Ung, MD

    Thanks for the terrific article about my mom and her family

    Kenneth K. Ung M.D.

  3. Kris Kelly

    Oh my gosh! What an interesting article! Family histories are the best!

      • Don Yee

        My grandfather King Lai Yee and dad are from Pittsburgh. I guess we are the Yee’s which moved down to the DC area and never had a chance learn about our neighbors from the North.
        Don Yee

  4. eveline young

    I sent u an email with a partial story. Contact me if u r interested in it. My parents were immigrants from China. My father came as a teenager before WW 2 n joined the Army Airforce. Mother came later as a war bride. My sisters n I completed college n grad school. I have lived here since 1974. Our children were born n raised here. U can contact my for more information

  5. Ziyan Hu

    Dear Mr.Steve,

    Hi! My name is Ziyan Hu, and I go by Zoey.
    I’m a current high school student at the Ellis school, located on 5th avenue, pittsburgh.
    I’m doing a research paper about the history of Chinatown in pittsburgh. I found a lot of great resources on the website of post-gazette. There is one article that I am really interested in. It is all about the Yee family. To get more resources, I want to interview you about more information about this family and the content in the article you wrote.
    I will be REALLY appreciate if you can help me!

    I’m looking forward to your response!


    Zoey Hu

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